5 PACK

Titanium dioxide Rutile (TiO2) Single Crystal Substrates (5pack)

£250.00
(5 Pack)

Price per substrate = £50.00 ea

  • Fast Worldwide Delivery

  • High Quality Substrates

AVAILABILITY: Delivery ~3 weeks

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MATERIAL INFORMATION
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
XRD ANALYSIS
DELIVERY
FAQS
MATERIAL INFORMATION

  • Name: TiO2 (rutile), Titanium Dioxide Single Crystal Substrate
  • Lattice parameter:a = 4.5937 Å, c = 2.9587 Å
  • Crystal Structure: Tetragonal 
  • Commonly used as substrate for: VO2, CrO2, SnO2, β-Ga2O3
  • Surface Roughness: Ra <0.2nm (measured 5x5 µm AFM scan)
  • Rocking Curve FWHM <0.004°
  • Cleaving: {110} good, {100} moderate, parting on {092} and {011}
  • 5x5 mm to 2 inch diameter and customized
  • Single or double side polished
  • Slightly red colour, optically transparent >60%  for 0.5 mm thickness for wavelengths above 400 nm
  • Next day delivery

 TiO2 comes in 2 main forms Rutile and Anatase. Rutile is the most common and also the one which can readily be made into single crystals for use as a substrate for thin film deposition.  

TiO2 is commonly used for stabilizing VO2 thin films; a form of vanadium oxide which is relatively difficult to grow otherwise. It has a relatively narrow band of growth conditions to avoid V2O3 and V2O5. Furthermore the strain created between the 2 can be used to tune the metal-insulator transition in VO2.

MATERIAL PROPERTIES

LINEAR FORMULA:
TiO2 
PURITY: >99.99%
CRYSTAL ORIENTATION:  (100), (110) & (111)
GROWTH METHOD: Verneuil method
CRYSTAL STRUCTURE: Rutile
LATTICE CONSTANT: a=0.45935 nm, c=0.29580 nm
MELTING POINT  (°C): 1840
THERMAL EXPANSION COEFFICIENT (/K): (a-axis)7.81×10-6/℃ , (c-axis)10.1×10-6/℃
HARDNESS (Mohs): 7
MOLAR MASS (G/MOL):
79.87
DENSITY (g/cm3): 4.26
REFRACTIVE INDEX: no=2.5490, ne=2.8226
DIELECTRIC CONSTANTS:
113 (1 MHz)
CHEMICAL STABILITY: 
SIZES: 5x5mm & 10x10 mm (or custom size)
TYPICAL THICKNESS: 0.5mm (or custom thickness)
SIZE TOLERANCES:  +/- 0.1mm
THICKNESS TOLERANCES:  +/- 0.015mm
ORIENTATION PRECISION: +/-0.5 degree
POLISHING OPTIONS: SINGLE SIDED (1SP) OR BOTH SIDES POLISHED (2SP)
ROUGHNESS RA: <0.5nm

XRD ANALYSIS

coming soon.

DELIVERY

How long does it take for you to ship out after purchase? In-Stock Substrates are held in our US warehouse and we aim to have substrates shipped out within 24-48 hours.

Pre-Order Substrates are manufactured and delivered in 3-4 weeks. 

How much is shipping? All substrates are shipped free of charge within the USA. This shipping takes approx 4-5 days to arrive once shipped. 

Expedited delivery? Faster delivery options are available. Below are some indicative prices. To get the cost for your package and location, just add your address at check out and select the shipping option you want to check.

  • USA FedEx 2 day delivery: typically $25 USD
  • USA FedEx Overnight Delivery: typically $65USD. 
  • Canada FedEx International Priority: typically $25 USD.

    Europe and UK Delivery? Approx cost for delivery is 50 Euros. Shipping costs will be calculated at check-out based on your address or please complete the quote form and we will email you the price. VAT and customs charges are payable by the buyer. 

    Rest of Worldwide Shipping? Shipping costs to the rest of the World, will be calculated at check-out. Please be aware that delivery times and tracking information vary for each country. Customs charges may apply if shipping outside of the US and are payable by the buyer.

      FAQS

      How can I place an order? The quickest way to get your item is to buy through the website – the order is automatically picked up in our system and in stock items ships out asap.

      We can accept purchase orders for established universities and companies and are happy to work with your institutes payment systems if required (although please note we are a small company so would prefer pre-payment via our website for small or one-off orders). 

      We have flexible payment options and can give you a quotation in any of the following currencies (USD $, CAD $, GBP £, EUROS €  AUD $).

      You can download a copy of our W8 form here.

      What payment options do you provide? Crystal Substrates accepts the following payment methods:

        • Bank Transfer into USA bank account. 
        • Credit Card: Visa, MasterCard, Discover, American Express, JCB, Visa Electron. 
        • Crystal Substrates offers a Fast Checkout option, allowing you to securely save your credit card details so that you don't have to re-enter them for future substrate purchases.
        • PayPal: Shop easily online without having to enter your credit card details on the website.Your account will be charged once the order is completed.
        • Sorry we do not accept payment with check.

      Do you send substrates to Europe? Yes, we have many long term customers buy from all over Europe including France, UK, Germany, Italy, Norway, Netherlands. Please buy through the website or get in touch if you need a specific substrate. 

      We believe we have the cheapest and best quality products in the USA. If you find another US company with a lesser price (including delivery) we would be happy to price match. 

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      We’re happy to answer any substrate questions. To help us out let us know your preferred orientation, quantity, polishing and size requirements.

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